With reference to other Companies before 1872
~ The Town of Fitchburg ~
~ Click below for information on these Companies ~
Well Known Companies Established during the 1880's period
~ By Name Only ~
Arthur H. Lowe and Company
Beoli Mills, American Woolen Co. ( Est 1860's ) *
Brockelman Brothers ( Fitchburg Market ( Late 80's - 1920's ) *
Brown's Enamel Works
Burleigh Rock Drill Company ( Est 1867 ) *
Boucher Bros. ( Blacksmiths 1910 )
Crocker - Burbank and Company
C.H. Brown and Company ( Est 1863 - Charles Hall Brown) *
C.H. Cowdrey Machine Works ( Est 1875 )
C.M. Flint and Company
Colburn Electric Mfg Co. ( Est 1883 )
Chas. W. Wilder and Company
D.M. Dillon's Boiler Works ( Est 1872 ) I *
Falulah Paper Company
F.S. Lovell Machine Works
Fitchburg Automatic Machine Co ( Est 1926 )
Fitchburg Boiler Works - ( late 1800's ) *
Fitchburg Cotton Mill ( B.M. Pitts.)
Fitchburg Duck Mill - ( Cotton Paper Felts ) 1880's. *
Fitchburg Gas and Electric Company
Fitchburg Hollow Mill ( 1880's ) *
Fitchburg Ice Company,Inc *
Fitchburg Level Company * I *
Fitchburg Library * I *
Fitchburg Machine Works ( Est 1863 ) * I *
Fitchburg Paper Company ( Prop - Rodney Wallace, Sr. )
Fitchburg Rubber Stamp Works *
Fitchburg Savings Bank
Fitchburg Steam Engineering ( early 1880's ) *
Fitchburg Sentinel Newspaper ( Est 1873 )
Fitchburg Steam Engine Company ( Est 1871 )
Fitchburg Woolen Mill * I * I * I * I *
Fitchburg Worsted Company ( Est - 1879 - James Phillips,Jr. )
Fitchburg Yarn Company ( 1428 Main Street ) *
Geo. Hamilton and Sons
General Electric ( Est 1941 )
George F. Lord and Company
A.A. Holt - Holt's Carriage Works *
Haskins Machine Company ( Est 1870 )
Hawley and Beckwith Company
H.C. Deane Machine Company
Hollow Mill ( Woolen Mill ) *
H.R. Whitcomb ( Est 1870's ) *
Iver Johnson Arms & Cycle Works ( Est 1894 ) * I * I * I * I * I *
Iver Johnson Arms & Cycle Works " Hammer Magazine " *
J. C. Moulton ( J. C. Moulton ) *
J. Cushing & Company ( Joseph Cushing ) * I * I *
L. Brown and Company
Mitchell Mill *
Orswell Mills ( River Street ) *
Parker and Company
Parkhill Mfg Company ( Est 1879 - John Parkhill ) * I * I *
Putnam Tool Company ( Est 1845 )
Putnam Machine Company ( Est 1858 - John Putnam ) * I *
Rollstone National Bank
Rollstone Machine Company
Rollstone Iron Foundry ( L.H. Goodnow ) * I * I *
Simonds Manufacturing Company ( Est 1832 ) * I * I * I *
Sole Leather Tip Company
Simonds Rolling-Machine Co
S. Newell Weston and Company
Sentinel Printing Company ( Est 1838 )
Star Worsted Company
Snowflake Axle Grease Company ( Est 1885 ) *
Swanson's Baking Company
Tuttle and Adams Company
The Brown Bag Filling Machine Company " Joseph C. Brown "
Union Machine Company
Wachusett Spinning Company *
Wheelright's Paper Company
W.E. Johnson and Company
Walter Heywood Chair Company *
W. A. Hardy brass Foundry
Above & Below
Use the asterisk ( * ) symbol to gain more History on a particular Company
Both Photos or Text will be displayed.
NOTE - They will transfer you directly to an Exhibit page from the Fitchburg Historical Society
making a fast reference resource both for students and adults alike.
( Note - This web site is for history reference alone - having no connection with the above mentioned Society )
Smaller Businesses by Name, Address and Date
ranging from the middle 1880's to 1990.
Alice Corliss Dancing School - Main Street ( 1920 - 1930 )
Armour & Company - 35 Cushing Street - ( early to mid 1900's )
A. B. Sherman - Dry Goods & Carpets - Lower Main Street. *
A. S. Hyland & Company - ( Hyland-Rice Office Products, Inc ) - 1930's, 1970's - Brown, L. Dale Jr. *
Austin Furniture Company - Refrigerators & Oil Stoves - 223 Main Street - ( early 1900's )
Barkeley and Dexter - Cleghorn district.
Bates' Drug Store - Ice Cream & Soda - Corner Lunenburg and Summer Streets - ( late 1800's - 1920's )
Brockelman Bros. Fitchburg Market - ( early 1900's ) *
C B. Walker - Boots & shoes - 182 Main Street - ( late 1800's )
C.H. Doten. - ( Millinery Store ) 126 Main Street - ( early 1900's )
C. W. Calkins and Company - Printer - 52 Purchase Street - ( 1893 )
Cowdrey Brake Tester Organization, Inc - ( 1920 - 1950's )
Daniel Harley - Curtains & Window Awnings - 260 Main Street - ( early 1900's )
DeLisle's Furniture Store - Daniels Street, Cleghorn - ( late 1800's - early 1900's ) *
deLongchamp Sales, Inc - ( Oldsmobile & Cadillac Agent ) - 139 Harvard St & 652 Water St - ( 1920's - 1930's )
Enright's Pharmacy - " Moran Square " - Corner of Summer & Lunenburg Streets - ( early 1900's )
F. S. Hall - Jeweler & Optician - 194 Main Street - Estab' 1867 - 1920
Iver Johnson's Arms and Cycle Works, 136 River Street - ( 1894 - 1970 Fitchburg ) -
- relocated to Jacksonville, Arkansas in 1971 ) ( 1971 - 1991 )
Frank S. Stone - Druggist - 166 Main Street - ( 1897 )
Fitchburg Shoe Store - (142 Main Street - ( late 1800's - 1920's )
Fitchburg Cab & Automobile Company - 22 Grove Street - ( late 1800's - mid 1900's )
Fitchburg Gas Co., Dr. - Office 331 Main Street - " Office of the Gas Light Company " - ( 1884 - 1900's )
Fitchburg Grinding Machine Corp. - ( 1940's )
Fitchburg Hardware Company - 133 to 135 Main Street - ( mid 1800's - 1920's )
Fitchburg Mattress and Furniture Company - Lunenburg Street - ( 1940's )
Fitchburg Mutual Fire Insurance Co. - 781 Main Street - ( 1930 onwards )
Fitchburg United Cooperative Society
Fitchburg Worsted Company, Est' 1879 by James Phillips Jr.
Ford & Lyon Garage - Corner Prichard & Elm Streets - ( 1908 - 1943 )
F. W . Rice and Company - Jeweler - 250 Main Street - ( 1940's )
George H. Kellogg - Printer - 142 Main Street - ( 1880 )
Goulds Drug Store - Ice Cream - 189 Main Street - ( early 1900's )
Hayes Drug Company - Depot Square - ( early 1900's )
ILCO Independent Lock Company - 35 Daniels Street - ( 1930 - 1960 )
John B. Horne - Bookseller & Stationer - 244 Main Street - ( 1910 - 1920's )
J. C. Moulton - " Professional Photographer " - 159 Main Street / 368 Main Street - ( 1847 - 1910 ) * I * I * I *
John L. Bailey - Candies - 318 Main Street - ( early 1900's )
Knute Moseson - Bookseller & Stationer - 499 Main Street - ( 1910 - 1930's )
Kidder and Davis - ( Furniture ) - 692-700 Main Street ( 1907 - 1990 ) *
Lincoln Vending Machine Co., Inc. - 45 Lunenburg Street - ( 1950's )
The L. H. Goodnow Foundry Company - ( 1895 - 1920 )
The Park Pharmacy - 773 Main Street - ( early 1900's ) * I *
L. Sprague & Co. - 173 Main Street " Grocery " - ( 1850's )
Lockwood Hardware Manufacturing Co - ( 1950's )
Miller Motors, Inc - 113 Lunenburg Street - ( 1950 )
N. C. Rublee - Optician - 193 Main Street - ( early 1900's )
Nichols & Frost - Millinery-Dress Making - 152 & 154 Main Street - ( Established 1860 ) *
Nichols & Frost - Dry Goods, Millinery and Carpets - 150 to 156 Main Street - ( 1892 ) * I *
Nichols & Frost - Dry Goods, Millinery and Carpets - Corner Main & Putnam Streets - ( 1937 ) *
Oyster Bar Restaurant - Prichard St, opposite Ford & Lyon garage - ( early 1900's - mid 1900's ) *
Page Whitman & Company. - Woodworking Tools - ( late 1800's - early 1900's )
Perry Furniture Company - ( late 1880's - early 1900's )
Sentinel Printing Company - 387 Main Street - ( 1886 )
Spots and Company - Drycleaners - 256 Water Street - ( 1940's )
Student Bros shoes - Retail Shoes - Main Street - ( 1900 - 1940's ) *
Tarbox Furniture - Opposite old R/R Depot - ( 1930 - 1940 ) - destroyed by fire.
The Bath Grinder Company - ( 1890's - 1913)
Town Talk Newspaper - ( 1890's) *
Town Talk Bakery - Corner River & Kimball Streets - ( 1940's )
Tri-City Dairymen's Co-Op Association - 1151 Main Street - ( 1940's )
H. T. Estabrook - Bookseller & Stationer - 374 & 376 Main Street - ( 1850 - 1929 ) * I *
Wachusett Potato Chip Co. Inc - 781 Water Street - ( late 1800's - 1900's )
Whalom Inn Cafe - Whalom Park - ( mid 1800's - 1930's )
Webber Lumber Company - ( mid 1880's ) *
W.C. Goodwin - Retail Shoes & Slippers - Main Street - ( 1898 - 1982 ) * I * I * I *
Enright's Pharmacy was more than just a pharmacy:-
Enright's filled prescriptions, but also had a soda bar for ice cream, drinks and sandwiches.
During the 1950's one could purchase a " Tonic " made by the No.1 Frappe maker of that period.
Better known as the " Vice President of Fountain Operations" at this point in time was a young lad by the name of Mr. Edward McManus.
One could also purchase a " Moxie " from behind the bar, best defined as tasting like " carbonated burnt onions ".
That's where the word Moxie (meaning vim, vigor, vitality) came from.
Believe it or not - Moxie was being sold in Fitchburg as early as the 1890 period.
To learn more about this age old drink Click HERE for the New England MOXIE Congress.
A black and white postcard of Moran Square which includes the old trolley line can be found here - Click below
The above link is made possible by the Fitchburg Historical Society.
------ Many more to come ------
~ This page is under intermittent construction!! ~
A few advertisements from the PAST ...
( 1832 - 1966 )
Simons Manufacturing Company - at one stage the largest employer in Fitchburg.
Apothecary - a person who prepared and sold medicines and drugs.
( 1880 - 1898 )
For that new set of Shiny Boots one only had to walk down to Main Street.
In the 1890's, The Colburn Electric Manufacturing Company were
trading from 160 Main Street - being founded in 1879 - 1880.
During the 1880's, The Fitchburg Mutual Fire Insurance Company started trading from 781 Main Street.
An (1885) advert from the Parkhill Mill.
The Parkhill Manufacturing Company was founded in 1879 in premises at 1 Oak Hill Road.
The company went on to build a total of 3 mills, and were one of the largest employers in Fitchburg.
One of many agents for the Parkhill MFG. Co. were POOR BROTHERS, of New York, Chicago and Boston.
The mill was later bought by The Amoskeag Manufacturing Co. who was incorporated in 1831 in
Manchester - New Hampshire. The Amoskeag Manufacturing Company based in NH was in later
years to become the Largest Textile Producer in the United States having 30 mills, a large foundry
and also manufacturing Locomotives as well as rifles ( during the Civil War ). The Company as with
many others was eventualy forced to close in 1936 mainly due to losses within the Great Depression.
In 1931 a cut to wages of 25% saw the first demise of company profits because of the great depression.
The company name is taken from the Amoskeag water falls - the hydraulic power from the falls being
uterlized to drive the waterwheels for the complete manufacturing site having been build beside the falls.
The Great Depression started on Black Tuesday, October 29, 1929 when the Stock Market crashed and
triggering the worst economic collapse in the history of the modern industrial world. The depression lasted
right through to the early 1940s, having put 15 million workers ( one-quarter of the workforce ) out of
work - the repercussion's being felt worldwide. Most mills (including flour) at this stage went to the wall.
~ A History page on the "Amoskeag" Company can be found in the Links (2) page, of this site ~
This small article was printed on the 5th of March 1928
by the Sentinel Daily Newspaper
The above article reads:
The Parkhill Mills will be sold under the hammer of the auctioneer Thursday March 12.
The property is described as three manufacturing units of about 860,000 square feet of floor space.
The three large mills known as Mill A on Broad street, Mill B on Rollstone street and Mill C in
Cleghorn will be sold together or separately. The property is advertised as 14 parcels, and these
include the large manufacturing plants, the office buildings, sheds, store houses and instruments
owned by the Parkhill MFG. Co, division of the Amoskeag Mfg. Co. of Manchester. The factories
to be sold vary in floor space from 21,000 to 36,000 square feet. The water privileges owned by the
company in the Nashua river will be sold with the factories. The auctioneers who will handle the
sale are G. I. & H. J. Grose Inc. of Providence, RI.
An (1892) Catalogue from the Saywer Tool Co.
The Sawyer Tool Company manufactured a large range of tools for the machinist and tools for carpentry.
Together with The Standard Tool Company and The J. Stevens Arms & Tool Company, the Sawyer Tool
Company were in direct competion to companies such as:
The L. S. Starrett Company
The Brown & Sharpe Manufacturing Company.
An advert for the Rollstone Machine Works - this one dating back to 1872.
The company was known throughout the United States manufacturing a wide range of woodworking machines and tools.
Famous for their range of Wardell saw benches & Band saws and agents for Perrin's saw blades the company stood up with the Best of all other similar company names during this era.
Their range included:
A variety of Moulding Machines
They traded from 87 Water Street, having many agent's throughout many other States.
Synonymous with the History of Fitchburg the Orswell Mills along with many others formed part of the backbone of the Textile -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Industry throughout New England, at the peak of operations the company were running 40.000 spindles and employed 350 people.
The Company was Incorporated on May 8, 1888.
The advert was placed in many Textile Journals in that era, this one coming from " Textile World " a quarterly
publication which eventually bought out a monthly edition mainly aimed at the Owners & Management of
Mills throughout the United States and included many new ideas, new mill news and a variety of advertisments.
A small page on the Orswell Mills is a feature of this website / Click Below
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Below, a glance back to 1913 and an advert for the Orswell Mills.
During the middle to late 1880's,
there were no lack of Professional Photographers in Fitchburg,
J C Moulton, Kimball Bros and Snow & McDermott had all set up shop.
The latter two both trading from Main street.
For a portrait - Cabinet cards were the most common and were produced in one size only - 6 1/2 x 4 1/2 inches
and were used between 1866 through to the early 1920's, when the unmounted snapshot eventually took over.
Replacing the card photograph album with scrapbook album of today.
Not to forget the smaller business
The Ford & Lyon Garage was on the corner of Prichard and Elm streets.
~ Oyster Bar Restaurant directly opposite on Pritchard ~
Anyone... for a train ride ?
HOOSAC TUNNEL ROUTE.
Taken:- from a
LOCAL TIME TABLE
( Boston Passenger Station, corner Causeway and Beverly Streets. )
To Take Effect
WEDNESDAY, JULY 5Th., 1882
THE ONLY ROUTE which has a DOUBLE TRACK
and runs EXPRESS TRAINS between Boston,
Waltham, Concord Junction, Ayer Junction,
North Leominster, Fitchburg and Gardner.
THE ONLY ROUTE running EXPRESS TRAINS
and THROUGH CARS between Boston, Atoll,
Orange Miller's Falls, Greenfield, Shelburne Falls and
In the above advert there is mention of the " Palace sleeping car "
In this era, (1899) the cost to manufacture a Palace sleeping car
was $15,000 or $17,000 if " vestibuled."
Many companies manufacturing these types of cars, two of the
most notable builders were The Pullman Palace Car Company
of Chicago, Illinois, and The Wagner Palace Car Company
of Buffalo, New York. ( later to be purchased by Pullmans )
All cars were heated, and polished woods included maple, walnut
and satin-wood veneering. The upholstery colors from this era for
these types of cars was green, violet and maroon in all shades.
( including carpets & window dressings )
For a Look at a Pullman Palace Car including the Pullman Piano Car
( or to Charter a Railroad Baron's Business Car )
Click the link below.