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Here is a guide to showing Chrysanthemums by looking at the judging standards in Western Australia. Other States may have slightly different standards, so it is advisable to check with your local society.


        (i) Incurved - The bloom should be as nearly spherical as possible.  Florets may be either rounded or pointed at the tips forming a solid symmetrical bloom of globular outline.  The centre must be filled to form the top of the sphere. Florets should curve gracefully with tips pointing uniformly upwards and inwards towards the centre. There should not be any evidence of loose florets at the base of the bloom.

        (ii) Incurving (Intermediate) - Bloom should have a globular outline.  Florets may be open in formation showing the inner colour.  The bloom must have a tidy centre with florets yet to open. Some cultivars have a gradual transition from the incurving upper florets to the reflexing lower florets giving a pleasing appearance.

        (iii) Reflexed - Breadth and depth should be in equal proportion.  Bloom when viewed from above should be circular in outline.  Florets should reflex gracefully from the shoulder in a downward direction and may incurve towards the stem. Centre should be full with young florets still to unfurl.  Florets may interlace or whorl according to the cultivar.  

        (iv) Reflexing - The type with stiff florets which do not form a 'shoulder'.  The outline though spiky is symmetrical with breadth and depth in proportion.
        (v) Decorative - This type have all the features of the Exhibition type bloom except size which      should be as laid down in the classification. It should be expressly noted that these are NOT exhibition blooms poorly grown, but a type of their own, they will adhere to the Incurving  (Intermediate) or Reflexing form.

        These types should be as large as possible, consistent with refinement and should conform to those sizes laid down in the classification.

        Should be even and consistent and typical of the cultivar.

        Blooms should have a crisp and fresh appearance, be free from dirt marks, pests and blemishes caused by disease and careless handling.

Substance & Texture:
 Substance (thickness and strength of the floret) should be strong and firm.  Texture (fineness or coarseness of the grain of floret) should be as refined as possible.

        The blooms own foliage must be retained and should be as fresh as possible, of good colour and free of damage by blemish or insects.

        Should complement the exhibit.

        Shallow or unspherical bloom.
        Bloom showing disc florets.
        Bloom showing more than one crown or an elongated crown or one not truly centred.
        Split, twisted or malformed florets.
        Clipped or bruised florets, withered or discoloured florets.
Purity of bloom defiled by dirt, pests or other causes.

        Cut:  The number of blooms to a stem must be at least four with the length of the lateral stem being approximately twice the diameter of the bloom.
        Florets:   Blooms may  have up to eight rows of florets and these should be firm in texture,    rounded and laying flat to their tips. some cultivars tend to incurve or reflex at their tips. The blooms should be of circular outline, the ray florets being evenly spaced, of good substance and colour and fresh to tips.  Where an area of contrasting color forms a ring at the base of florets this should be regular and circular. The disc must be circular and free from malformation and the colour free from any suspicion of dullness and age.

Show Singles:
        These are defined as a stem carrying a single head of flowers.

        Blooms should be as large as possible, consistent with refinement.

Defects of Singles:
Blooms not circular in outline.
Disc not truly centered or showing more than one disc.
        Ray florets twisted oz malformed, bruised or damaged spent or discolored or loose.
        Ray florets unevenly spaced.
        Small florets growing in disc.
        Defilement by dirt or other cause.
N.B.  Spatulate florets in a single should be shown in a separate class e.g. 'Wheel of Fire'.

                This is the
predominant feature of the bloom and should be as dome shaped as possible according to the particular cultivar. When viewed from above should be circular in outline with no straying of cushion florets amongst the guard or outer row of florets. The cushion should have no dimpling.

        Guard Florets:
                Formal - May lay flat or incurve or reflex according to cultivar, and to be of uniform length and evenly spaced.
                Informal - The florets are tubular with a spoon like or quilled end and may incurve or reflex according to cultivar, to be of uniform length or evenly spaced.
                Blooms should be as large as possible, consistent with refinement.

        Florets may be quilled or spoon like, radiating from the centre either straight to tip or reflexing from the centre outwards and downwards. When viewed from above, bloom should be circular in outline.  The Centre should be full without malformed florets or undue hardness.

        The blooms should be even in size and at the same stage of development and evenly placed on the stem. They are usually shown as cuts. Miniatures may be either ball shaped, anemone centered or single form and may be shown as:
    (a) under 38mm in diameter or
    (b) over 38mm and under 64mm in diameter.

        A general classification to enable judges and exhibitors to decide whether a cultivar is eligible to be shown in a particular class.

B - Bronze PU - Purple Y - Yellow
LB - Light Bronze R - Red PY - Pale Yellow
P - Pink S - Salmon O - Other Colours
PP - Pale Pink W - White  


Section 1 Large exhibition - Incurving and reflexed 150mm and over.
Section 3(a) Exhibition Incurved - Large - 130mm and over.
Section 3(b) Exhibition Incurved - Medium - under 130mm.
Section 4(a) Reflexed Decoratives - under 150mm.
Section 4(b) Reflexing Decoratives - under 150mm.
Section 5(a) Intermediate Decoratives - Large - 130mm to 150mm.
Section 5(b) Intermediate Decoratives - Medium - under 130mm.
Section 6(a) Anemone - Formal.
Section 6(b) Anemone - Informal.
Section 7 Single.
Section 8 Pompone / Miniature.
Section 10 Spider / Quilled.
Section 11 Any other type.

N.B. Judges and exhibitors are asked to note that where a cultivar classified as 'Intermediate' is grown so that it becomes either a true reflexed or true incurved bloom, they may be shown in the reflex or incurve classes. On no account however should a bloom classified as incurved or reflexed be shown in the Intermediate classes.


Form 20
Size 15
Colour 15
Freshness and Cleanliness 20
Substance and Texture 15
Foliage 10
Arrangement 5
Total 100