Rijn Muntjewerff started TV DX - as many DXers do - after accidentally discovering distant signals on his domestic TV set. Rijn viewed bullfights from TVE chE2 Spain in June 1961. After further DX reception, he installed a roof-mounted mast and achieved some of the first European UHF TV DX. In the spring of 1970, he erected a 22.5 meter mast for band 3/UHF TV tropospheric reception, and a wideband 40-90 MHz log-periodic array mounted on the roof for Sporadic E, F2, TEP, and Meteor Scatter band 1/2 VHF TV reception.

Due to his exposed location, Rijn has lost several aerials, mainly as a result of the U-bolt/clamp section of diecast housing rotators breaking. To prevent this, Rijn now uses an alignment bearing on top and an internal sleeve pipe inside the mast atop the rotor.

Rijn lives in an area of land about 4.5 meters below sea level called a Polder. This land was reclaimed from the sea. Most of the Netherlands is a flat low land area, used mainly for farming. Due to a flat 7 mile view to the horizon in all directions, Rijn has had great success with distant band 3 and UHF tropospheric TV DX.

Rijn obtained professional help and advice for putting together his DX-TV aerial and equipment system. He uses 9 aerials for DXing work, each aerial has its own masthead preamplifier and own signal feed cable. The two Hirschmann 818 N 60 UHF aerials are connected to a Hirschmann combiner. The coax feed cables are kept separate to avoid interference from other frequency bands.

In the house, Rijn can connect one of the three UHF cable feeds to his Philips 1970s XT-700 UHF only tuner. He uses a Teling VHF to UHF up-converter. The up-converter UHF output can be connected to the UHF only tuner. One of the five VHF coax cable signal feeds can be connected to the up-converter VHF input. The Philips XT-700 UHF tuner was made in the early 1970s.

For photographing off-screen DX TV, Rijn uses an old Russian made (SMENA) 35mm camera, and Ilford FP4 125ASA film. Rijn does his own Black & White film processing and printing.

Rijn's long-distance television achievements in band 1 have been remarkable, with reception from Australia (ch 0), Korea (AFKN Seoul ch A2), Malaysia (ch E2), Thailand (ch E2), and southern Brazil (Port Allegre ch A2). In total some 2000 TV stations from 68 countries, which is a world record for terrestrial TV DX. Rijn's most distant UHF TV reception has been from SR-2 chE34 Pajala, Sweden.

Since 1962, Rijn has been a member of the Benelux DX club (BDXC). Rijn's Netherlands VHF/UHF antenna system is also the largest TV DX installation in Europe, if not the world. Rijn's impressive DX reception results certainly match the elaborate aerial system.

Ionospheric TV DX Reception Highlights

RTQ0 Toowoomba and ABMN0 Wagga, Australia via multi-hop F2 (10,300 miles).
Porto Alegre, Brazil chA2 via afternoon TEP + Es, (4-6-1982) (6,300 miles).
New Brunswick, Canada chA2 via F2 and 2Es (2,600 miles).
USA chA2 via multi-hop Es and F2.
ZTV Gwelo, Zimbabwe, Africa chE2 via F2/TEP (5,190 miles).
Sokoto, Nigeria, Africa NTV chE3 via multi-hop Es or TEP (2,725 miles).
Somalia, Africa chE3 via TEP (4,000 miles).
VOK Timboroa, Kenya chE2 via F2/TEP (4,060 miles).
GBC Kissi, Ghana chE2 via F2/TEP (3,200 miles).
Libya chE3 via Es (1,600 miles).
Thailand chE2 and chE3 via multi-hop F2 (5,700 miles).
RTM Malaysia chE2 via multi-hop F2 (6,200 miles).
Seoul, Korea AFKN chA2 via multi-hop F2 (31-11-1981) (5,300 miles).
China chR1/C1 via F2.
RTVE Canary Islands chE3 via double-hop Es.
Dubai, UAE DCRTV chE2 via F2 and Es (3,205 miles).
Amman, Jordan chE3 via 2Es (2,120 miles).
Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, Aramco TV chE3 via 2Es.
Lebanon chE2 and E4 via Es (2,000 miles).
Laayoune, Morocco chE4 via Es (1,300 miles).
Egypt chE3 via 2Es (2,000 miles).
Homs, Syria chE2 via 2Es (1,980 miles).
IRIB Iran channels chE2-E4 via 2Es (2,200 miles).
Far east Russia via multi-hop F2 (5,000 miles).
TSS Russian band III chR7-11 via Es (1,200 miles).
RTA Algeria band III chE5 via Es (1,200 miles)

Tropospheric TV DX Reception Highlights

Russian band III and UHF TV.
Pajala, Sweden chE34 (1,120 miles).
TVE-1 Caceres, Spain chE11 (1,050 miles).
Faroe Islands ChE6 & E9 (780 miles).
YLE Finland ch's E5, 8 & 9.
Poland TVP-2 chR29 (450 miles).
Czechoslovakia band III and UHF TV.
Sljeme, Yugoslavia chE9.
500 420-444 MHz UHF ATV stations from five European countries.

Daily Tropospheric Scatter Viewable TV Reception

DDR-2 Brocken, Germany UHF TV chE34.
FR-3 Lille, France UHF TV chF24 (1000 kw) (155 miles).
BBC2 Tacolneston UHF TV ch55.
DR-1 chE7 Jutland, Denmark.

Netherlands Europe map.

Sample TV DX Photos

Zimbabwe chE2 video via TEP.

Zimbabwe chE2 PM5544 via 5,200-mile TEP/F2.

Poland TVP chR29 via 450-mile tropo.

Guaiba TV2, Porto Alegre, Brazil via 6,320-mile TEP+Es.

Guaiba TV2, Porto Alegre, Brazil via 6,320-mile TEP+Es.

ABMN0 Wagga, Australia ABC logo via 10,300-mile F2, 10-11-2001.

RTQ0 Toowoomba, Australia via 10,000-mile F2, 15-2-1991.

RTQ0 Australia showing Jana Wendt, 15-2-1991.

TV3 chE2 Thailand via F2, 5-2-1992.

DCRTV chE2 Dubai via F2, 24-10-1989.

China chC1 via F2, 11-2-1991.

ChR1 (north of Thailand) Russian electronic test card via F2, 15-2-1989.

NTV chE3 Sokoto, Nigeria via TEP, 5-10-1987.

Russia chR8 (band III sporadic E).

Shqiptar, Albania chC via Es, 11-6-1993.

Bremanger, Norway chE4 via Es, 2-5-1991.

Akarnaika, Greece EPT chE3 via Es, 11-6-1989.

TVE-2 chE2 Galicia, Spain via Es, 25-7-1989.

Torshavn, Faroe Islands chE6 PM5544 via tropo.

Algeria chE5 via band III Es, 28-6-1979.

Amman, Jordan chE3 via Es, 5-8-1979.

American chA2 via F2, 7-11-1979.

Frunze chR1 via F2, 13-2-1979.

NTV chE3 Sokoto, Nigeria via TEP, 26-8-1979.

NTV chE3 Sokoto, Nigeria via TEP, 26-8-1979.

RTE-1 Gort, Ireland chB via Es, 10-8-1979.

Vilnius, Russia chR8 ID slide via 850-mile tropo.

Zimbabwe chE2 video via TEP.

Zimbabwe chE2 ZTV promo ID via TEP.

Iran chE2 FUBK via F2, 16-2-1989.

TSS chR2 Russia letterbox card via Es.

DFF East Germany chE34 via tropo, 17-1-1980.

Receiving Equipment

Tropospheric band III and UHF antennas are mounted on a collapsible 23 meter Swedish made C4EDEE lattice tower. Antennas from top to bottom:

Two stacked and combined Hirschmann Fesa 818 N 60 horizontal ch21-62 UHF TV yagis with Schrader SBB-245 26dB gain 1.6dB NF masthead preamplifier.
One Fuba XC391-A (ch21-27) and one Fuba XC391-E (ch60-70) each with Schrader SBB-245 26dB gain 1.6dB NF masthead UHF preamplifier.
Hirschmann horizontal 8 element 88-108 MHz yagi used with Polytron P145/III 45-108 MHz masthead preamplifier.
Wisi vertical 24-el band 3 chE5-12 TV yagi (left), Wisi horizontal 24-el band 3 chE5-12 TV yagi (right) each with Polytron P145/211 24dB preamplifier.
Fixed UHF yagi for local domestic TV reception. Hirschmann Fesa 817 N 48 horizontal ch21-48.
Pope/Belden Cable H43. 75 ohm coax cable specification: 11.5dB loss per 100 Meters at 800 MHz.

45-90 MHz TV DX arrays on the house:

One vertical 4 element Hirschmann chE2-E4 yagi modified for 77-91 MHz chR3, chIC, chR4 (top level).
One wideband horizontal 40-90 MHz 9 element BDXC log-periodic used for overseas TV DX (lower level).
Both antennas used with Polytron P145/III 45-108 MHz preamplifiers.

Indoor receiving equipment:

Philips 23TX371-A 1960 multi-system 19" B/W TV modified with outboard Philips early 1970s XT-700 series transistor UHF varicap tuner (main TV DX receiver). Teling VHF to UHF up-converter.
IF-RF (36-100 MHz) TV sound upconverter for monitoring TV and utility DX audio signals via a FM tuner.
Onkyo T4500 FM tuner.
Loewe multi-system colour TV.
One VCR for TV DX recordings (1984-2005).

External TV Antennas

(Top level) 4 element vertical Hirschmann chE2-E4 TV yagi modified for 77-91 MHz.
(Bottom level) 9 element horizontal 40-90 MHz BDXC log-periodic.
Stolle 2010 rotator with support bearing underneath.

(Top) Two stacked combined Hirschmann Fesa 818 N 60 horizontal UHF TV yagis.
(Middle) 1 Fuba XC391-A (left), 1 Fuba XC391-E (right).
Hirschmann horizontal 8-el 88-108 MHz FM yagi.
(Bottom level) Wisi vertical 24 element chE5-12 yagi (left).
Wisi horizontal 24 element chE5-12 yagi (right).
Hy-Gain CDE HAM-4 4511 rotator.

Complete view of Rijn's TV DX arrays.

Complete view of Rijn's TV DX arrays.

Main TV DX antennas on Swedish C4EDEE 23 meter lattice tower.

Base of 23m lattice tower.

Web page researched and compiled by Todd Emslie. Additional information sourced from Rijn Muntjewerff, Ian Moody, and TELEVISION magazine. Top two 35 mm antenna photos (Rijn Muntjewerff). Bottom four house and antenna digital photos (Jeffrey Mackay).

2005 Ryn Muntjewerff