This common feast of Sts Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian, and John Chrysostom was instituted a little before the year 1100 AD, during the reign of the Emperor Alexis I Comnenus, because of a dispute and strife that arose among the notable and virtuous men of that time. Some of them preferred Basil, while others preferred Gregory, and yet others preferred John Chrysostom, quarrelling among themselves over which of the three was the greatest. Furthermore, each party, in order to distinguish itself from the others, assumed the name of its preferred Saint; hence, they called themselves Basilians. Gregorians, or Joannites. Desiring to end the contention, the three Saints appeared together to the saintly John Mauropos, a monk who had been ordained Bishop of Euchaita, a city of Asia Minor; they revealed to him that the glory they have at the throne of God is equal, and told him to compose a common service for the three of them, which he did with great skill and beauty. St John of Euchaita (celebrated October 5) is also the composer of the Canon to the Guardian Angel, the Protector of a Man's Life. In his old age, he retired from his Episcopal See and again took up the monastic life in a monastery in Constantinople. He reposed during the reign of the aforementioned Emperor Alexis Comnenus (1081-1118 AD).
Dismissal Hymn (First Tone)
The Original Melody
The three most great luminaries of the Three-Sun Divinity have illumined all of the world with the rays of doctrines divine and true. They are the sweetly flowing rivers of wisdom, who with godly knowledge have watered all creation in clear and mighty streams; the great and sacred Basil, and the Theologian, wise Gregory, together with the renowned John, the famed Chrysostom of golden speech. Let us all who love their divinely wise words come together, honouring them with hymns; for ceaselessly they offer entreaty for us to the Trinity.
Kontakion (Second Tone)
You have taken to Yourself, O Lord, the sacred and God-proclaiming heralds, the crown of Your teachers, for the enjoyment of Your blessing and for repose; for You have accepted their suffering and labours above all sacrifice, O You Who alone glorifies Your Saints.